The Kibera slum in Nairobi, Kenya

SC Johnson in Kenya

In 2005, The Base of the Pyramid (BoP) Protocol was field tested in Kenya as a partnership between Cornell University, SC Johnson and ApproTEC. The six-person BoP Protocol Pilot Team tested the Protocol in collaboration with local partners in the Nakuru District and the Kibera slum of Nairobi. The learning and insights gained during the SC Johnson Protocol implementation in Kenya were folded back into the Protocol development process as the basis for the second Protocol design workshop in October of 2005.

The Protocol pilot team facilitated the identification of several business opportunities for SC Johnson and local community groups in Kenya and helped build new partnerships to develop those businesses, laying the groundwork for future collaborations and innovations. Today, SC Johnson's Protocol work in Kenya is continuing via a pilot test of a new business in Kibera, an innovative business model co-developed in partnerships with local community groups.

[Project Sites] [Project Partners] [Project Participants]

Project Sites

The Protocol project in Kenya had two areas of focus, one was a rural focus in the Nyota township (near Nakuru) and the other was an urban focus in the Kibera slum of Nairobi.


Kibera, with a population somewhere between 700,000 and 1,000,000 people is one of the largest slums in Africa, if not the world. This large population of ethnically diverse makeup is constrained to an area the size of Manhattan's Central Park. Half of the population are estimated to be under the age of 15. For more information about Kibera please visit Carolina for Kibera, the project's most important partner in Kibera.


The Nyota township is located about an hour outside of Nakuru (Kenya's fourth largest city) in the agricultural Rift Valley. The region historically has been a large producer of the natural insecticide pyrethrum - a key component in certain SC Johnson products - but in recent years production has declined due to a number of climate and market challenges.


Project Partners

The SCJ Protocol team worked closely with a number of local partners in Kibera and Nyota:

  • Johnson Wax (SCJ Kenya)
  • Carolina for Kibera
  • Taka ni Pato (Trash is Cash) Youth Groups
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • Pamoja Trust
  • Niaje Initiative
  • Mathare Community Resource Center
  • Faulu Kenya
  • K-REP
  • KickStart/ApproTEC
  • CARE Kenya
  • ITDG
  • Egerton University
  • Institute of Social Work
  • Pamoja Pioneers

Carolina for Kibera offices in the Kibera slum of Nairobi, Kenya.

Partner Spotlight: Carolina for Kibera

The Protocol team's home in Kibera,Carolina for Kibera (CFK) targets issuess of ethnic violence, health care, safe spaces for girls, and environmental sanitation and income generation. All their work follows a common theme of participatory development and the organization’s operations in Kenya are run by Kiberans.

Carolina for Kibera, Inc. is a 501(c)(3) international non-governmental organization housed at the University Center for International Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

CFK was recently honored by Time Magazine as a "Hero of Global Health" and continues to help guide SC Johnson's Protocol work in Kibera.

To learn more about CFK please visit


Project Participants


Catherine Burnett
Kenan-Flagler Business School
University of North Carolina

Patrick Donohue

Justin DeKoszmovszky
Johnson Business School
Cornell University

Nyokabi Kiarie
Stephen Ross School of Business
University of Michigan

Erik Simanis
Johnson Business School
Cornell University

Tatiana Thieme
Cornell University


Salim Mohamed
Carolina for Kibera

Edwin Oketch
Carolina for Kibera

Aaron Charlop-Powers
University of North Carolina

Sammy Gitau
Mathare Resource Center

Joseph Njenga
Johnson Wax (SCJ Kenya)

Dennis Simiyu
KickStart (ApproTEC)


Protocol team with SC Johnson in Kenya


Stuart L. Hart
Johnson Business School
Cornell University

Gordon Enk
Research and Decision Center

Duncan Duke
Johnson Business School
Cornell University

Michael Gordon
Ross School of Business
University of Michigan

Kim Chapman
Carolina for Kibera
University of North Carolina



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